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Chilli Seeds

Chilli Seeds

Here you will find all manner of chili seeds from around the globe. From the mild and fragrant to the hottest on the planet. All can be grown on your allotment, in the garden or on the kitchen windowsill.

The chili pepper (also chile pepper or chilli pepper)is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. In Britain, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, and other Asian countries, the word "pepper" is usually omitted.

Chili peppers have been a part of the human diet in the Americas since at least 7500 BC. The most recent research shows that chili peppers were domesticated more than 6000 years ago in Mexico, in the region that extends across southern Puebla and northern Oaxaca to southeastern Veracruz, and were one of the first self-pollinating crops cultivated in Mexico, Central and parts of South America.

The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) and several related chemicals, collectively called capsaicinoids. Capsaicin is also the primary component in pepper spray, a less-than-lethal weapon.

When consumed, capsaicinoids bind with pain receptors in the mouth and throat that are responsible for sensing heat. Once activated by the capsaicinoids, these receptors send a message to the brain that the person has consumed something hot. The brain responds to the burning sensation by raising the heart rate, increasing perspiration and release of endorphins.

The "heat" of chili peppers was historically measured in Scoville heat units (SHU), which is a measure of the dilution of an amount of chili extract added to sugar syrup before its heat becomes undetectable to a panel of tasters; the more it has to be diluted to be undetectable, the more powerful the variety and therefore the higher the rating. The modern commonplace method for quantitative analysis of SHU rating uses high-performance liquid chromatography to directly measure the capsaicinoid content of a chili pepper variety. Pure capsaicin is a hydrophobic, colorless, odorless, and crystalline-to-waxy solid at room temperature, and measures 16,000,000 SHU.


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Vegetable Year Planner

Vegetable Year Planner

This is a year planner that you can use as an aid to sowing and planting.It is free of charge and ca..

£0.00

Chilli (hot) - Purple Prince

Chilli (hot) - Purple Prince

Purple Prince Chilli Pepper sometimes called Peruvian Purple is a stunning chilli plant with purple ..

£1.49

Chilli - (hot) birds eye

Chilli - (hot) birds eye

Bird's eye chili, bird's chili or Thai chili is a chili pepper, a cultivar from the species Capsicum..

£1.79

Chilli - (hot) Bolivian Rainbow

Chilli - (hot) Bolivian Rainbow

The small naturally bushy plants produce 100's of small, teardrop shaped, hot chillies that start li..

£1.29

Chilli - (hot) Hanebero

Chilli - (hot) Hanebero

The habanero chili comes from the Amazonas region, and from there it was spread through Mexico. One ..

£1.49

Chilli - (hot) Indian long green Jwala

Chilli - (hot) Indian long green Jwala

India Jwala- Finger Hot Indian Pepper. Produce large 36” tall plants are covered with white flowers ..

£1.49

Chilli - (hot) jalapeno

Chilli - (hot) jalapeno

The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper pod type cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum. A ma..

£1.49

Chilli - (Hot) Patio Sizzle

Chilli - (Hot) Patio Sizzle

Small and juicy these chillies have an impact that defies their size, bursting with heat and flavour..

£1.49

Chilli - (hot) Scotch Bonnet

Chilli - (hot) Scotch Bonnet

Scotch Bonnet, also known as Boabs Bonnet, Scotty Bons, Bonney peppers, or Caribbean red peppers is ..

£1.79

Chilli - (mild-hot) Poblano

Chilli - (mild-hot) Poblano

The poblano (Capsicum annuum) is a mild chili pepper originating in the state of Puebla, Mexico. Dri..

£1.49

Chilli - (v. hot) Trinindad Scorpion

Chilli - (v. hot) Trinindad Scorpion

 The Trinindad Scorpion Chilli has the dubious honour of being one of the hottest chillis on th..

£1.49

Chilli Pepper - (hot) De Cayenne

Chilli Pepper - (hot) De Cayenne

Hot and spicy, long thin peppers that can grow to approximately 10cm (4") in length but can act..

£1.29

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